Coffee production in Guatemala began to develop in the 1850s. Coffee is an important element of Guatemala’s economy.
Guatemala was Central America‘s top producer of coffee for most of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century, until being overtaken by Honduras in 2011. Illegal exports to Honduras and Mexico are not reflected in official statistics.
The warmest of the eight coffee-growing regions, San Marcos also has the highest rainfall pattern, reaching up to 200 inches (5,000 mm).
The seasonal rains come sooner than in other regions, producing the earliest flowering.
As in all of Guatemala’s remote regions, most of Volcanic San Marcos is cultivated on farms with their own processing mills. Because of the unpredictability of rainfall during the harvest season, much of the coffee is pre-dried in the sun and finished in a Guardiola dryer